Citations are crucial to your local rankings in Google. Not only that, but being listed on lots of these third-party sites (AKA “citation sources”) can help you attract customers from a wide variety of sources.
But you probably don’t know whether you’ve gathered all the citations you need—or all that you humanly can gather. That’s what this list is for. It’s the product of 4 years of jotting down every citation source I’ve encountered.
The local-search landscape constantly changes, so I will keep growing and perfecting this list. I know there must be some good sites I’m missing, even now. I’d love any suggestions (see bottom of page).
I’ve broken it up into the following sections (click to jump to a section):
If you’re looking for citation sources for Germany, New Zealand, Ireland, Spain, the Netherlands, or South Africa, go check out Nyagoslav Zhekov’s great post on “international” local citations.
If you run a fairly “normal” business in the US, you’ll only really need to pay attention to the first two sections. You may also want to skim sections 3-5, but that’s just icing on the cake.
A few quick notes:
1. The sites in the “data-aggregators” section aren’t really citation sources, but they help you build citations, which is why I’m including them.
2. None of the sites requires a reciprocal link from you. In other words, this list does NOT include the types of sites that will list your business only if you paste their stupid link and logo on your homepage. I haven’t found that those sites are important to anyone’s visibility— except theirs. Your site should be about you.
3. All the sites are free to add your business to, with a few exceptions (which I note in the list). On the off-chance you try to list your business on one of the hundreds of other sites on this list and are asked to pay a fee, please let me know (in which case I’ll either note down that fact on the list or — more likely — remove the site from the list entirely).
4. Red = the most important citations to gather for Google local rankings, regardless of your industry or location.
5. When I write “verification required” next to one of the sites, that means you or the business owner or whoever’s in charge of citation-building has to go through an owner-verification process (usually by phone) in order to create your business listing on that site. It’s a pain, but generally it’s worth doing and takes maybe 5-10 minutes.
6. A few sites no longer have free self-serve “submit a listing” options because they’ve got a near-exclusive partnership with Yext. That means that in many cases the only way to add or edit a listing on one of these sites is to register for Yext, although there may be creative ways to do it. I’m including these sites just in case you want to check your listings.
Or you can check out the sites:
US citation sources
(it’s worth listing your business on any of these sites, regardless of your industry or location)
AGreaterTown.com (also check Directory.AGreaterTown.com)
CitySearch.com (verification required for claiming listing)
DirectoryM.net (AKA nSphere)
Local.BOTW.org (costs $1.99 / month as of June 2013)
Local.com (powered by Yext)
MapQuest.com (powered by Yext)
OpenWiFiSpots.com (only if you offer free Wi-Fi access)
PowerProfiles.com (verification required)
Primeplace.Nokia.com (verification required)
Switchboard.com (powered by WhitePages, and in turn by Yext; see note on WhitePages, below)
Topix.com (powered by Yext)
WhitePages.com (powered by Yext – although apparently you can contact Whitepages for help)
Yelp.com (verification required only for claiming listing)
YP.com (verification required only for claiming listing)
Acxiom (MyBusinessListingManager.MyAcxiom.com) (verification required; paid)
ExpressUpdate.com – AKA InfoGroup, AKA InfoUSA (verification required; see this post for more detail)
Factual.com (how to submit)
LocalEze.com (verification required; see this post for more detail)
AutoMD.com (auto mechanics)
Avvo.com (health and law)
GetMowed.com (landscaping and lawn-care)
HomeOwnersCircle.com (home-improvement services)
HomeStars.com (home-improvement services)
Houzz.com (home-improvement services)
LilaGuide.com (for parents)
LocalGranite.com (granite suppliers)
MetroMix.com (restaurants, nightlife, etc.)
MyWedding.com (bridal, florist, salon, etc.)
OurParents.com (assisted living)
PaintingNetworx.com (house painting)
SeniorHomes.com (assisted living)
TopGranitePros.com (granite suppliers)
WeddingWire.com (bridal, florist, salon, etc.)
Wellness.com (health industries)
Zillow.com (real-estate, home-improvement services, landscaping)
(you can get citations from these if you’re hosting a public event at your business; see my post on this for more detail)
Sites geared toward specific ethnicities / identities
(For more detail on these sites, see the post where I originally published this list.)
AmericanIndianBusiness.net (Native American)
CopperPages.com (Indian & Southeast Asian)
IndianVillage.com (Native American)
iZania.com (Black & African American)
NAOTW.biz (Native American)
Yasabe.com (Spanish speakers)
UK citation sources
(For “Add listing” pages for the following sites, see my blog post on UK citation sources.)
Yelp.co.uk (verification required only for claiming listing)
Canada citation sources
YellowPages.ca (verification required only for claiming listing)
Yelp.ca (verification required only for claiming listing)
Australia citation sources
AGFG.com.au (dining & tourist businesses)
CitySearch.com.au (currently only dining-related businesses)
YellowPages.com.au (verification required only for claiming listing)
Yelp.com.au (verification required only for claiming listing)
How can I improve the list?
Here’s a short wish-list of things I’d really love your input on:
- Citation sources you know of that aren’t on the list
- Ways you think I should organize/present the current list
- Any tips or “words to the wise” regarding any site on the list
- Any thoughts you have about the relative importance of any of the sites—like how you’ve seen them influence your Google local rankings or someone else’s. In other words, which ones would you suggest highlighting in red?
- Whatever you think would make this a better list
Special thanks to Nyagoslav Zhekov of NGS Marketing for a long list of insights that helped make this list better. (By the way, I highly recommend you check out Nyagoslav’s excellent blog on local search.)
Giant thanks to Andrew Webber of SEO Maverick for his excellent additions to the list of Australian citation sites.
Hearty thanks to Zachary Palmer of Divot Agency for suggesting 9 sites, and for suggesting that I indicate which sites on the list require owner-verification.
Tons of gratitude to Chris Sheehy of SidewalkBranding.co for 32 (!) sites that made the list. (By the way, Chris’s HQ is just a few miles down the road from me – definitely check out his site if you’re a Rhode Islander who wants a local local SEO.)
I thank Stephen Brown of Brown & Rice, P.A. for telling me about several sites that had gone extinct.
Cheers to Hayden Williams for telling me about 9 UK citations I’d missed.
Thanks to Michael Gottesman Biz Tech Coaching for suggesting the “Powered by Yext” labels.
Cheers to Rod Marchant-Smith of Peninsula Air Conditioning in Sydney for confirming which Australian citations matter most.
Please email me with any suggestions, advice, or questions you’d like to share.
P.S. Although I can help you with your citations as part of my local-search services, I can also refer you to a couple of great citation-building services if that’s the main thing you’re looking for; just email me.
508-308-4040 | phil ( at ) localvisibilitysystem.com